Blog

World Suicide Prevention Day

By September 10, 2020 No Comments
Emotional Wellbeing

Today is World Suicide Prevention Day… Key facts 

 

  • Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year.
  • For every suicide there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. A prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population.
  • Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15-19-year-olds.
  • 79% of global suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Ingestion of pesticide, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide globally.
  • Suicide is a serious public health problem; however, suicides are preventable with timely, evidence-based and often low-cost interventions. 

Who is at risk?

While the link between suicide and mental disorders (in particular, depression and alcohol use disorders), many suicides happen impulsively in moments of crisis with a breakdown in the ability to deal with life stresses, such as financial problems, relationship break-up or chronic pain and illness.

In addition, experiencing conflict, disaster, violence, abuse, or loss and a sense of isolation are strongly associated with suicidal behaviour. Suicide rates are also high amongst vulnerable groups who experience discrimination, such as refugees and migrants; indigenous peoples; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex (LGBTI) persons; and prisoners. By far the strongest risk factor for suicide is a previous suicide attempt.

Prevention and control

Suicides are preventable. There are a number of measures that can be taken at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts. These include:

  • Reducing access to the means of suicide (e.g. pesticides, firearms, certain medications);
  • Reporting by media in a responsible way;
  • School-based interventions;
  • Introducing alcohol policies to reduce the harmful use of alcohol;
  • Early identification, treatment and care of people with mental and substance use disorders, chronic pain and acute emotional distress;
  • Training of non-specialized health workers in the assessment and management of suicidal behaviour;
  • Follow-up care for people who attempted suicide and provision of community support.

Need support?

You can call the Samaritans 24 hours a day – 116 123 or for more information you can visit their website www.samaritans.org

See the below link for information from the WHO on how to support someone who is suicidal:

suicide-prevention-health-workers

World Suicide Prevention Day